|Relationship of Laws to Rules|
|1. Passed by Congress.||1. Issued by Agencies.|
|2. Power comes from the Constitution.||2. Power delegated by Congress.|
|3. Courts review only on constitutional issues.||3. Courts review for constitutional issues, but also to see if intent of Congress is carried out; if agency action was arbitrary and capricious; and if procedural steps of rulemaking were completed.|
|4. Congress acts collectively.
(Will of the people)
|4. Agencies must seek public comment to ensure rules benefit the public to reach goal.|
|5. Expresses position on social, economic issues and goals to be achieved.||5. Prescribes or prohibits behavior to reach goal.|
Search the 109th Congress (2005-2006)
|1. Public Laws
(Slip Laws/Statutes at Large)
Prepared and published by the Office
of the Federal Register (OFR),
National Archives and Records
|1. Final Rule in the Federal Register.
The official daily publication for rules, proposed rules,
and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well
as executive orders and other presidential documents.
|2. United States Code.
Since 1926, the United States Code has been
published every six years. In between
editions, annual cumulative supplements are
published in order to present the most
Browse the 2000 edition.
It is divided by broad subjects into 50 titles.
|2. Code of Federal Regulations.
The codification of the general and permanent rules published
in the Federal Register by the executive departments and
agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50
titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation.
Each volume of the CFR is updated once each calendar year and
is issued on a quarterly basis.